Chiropractic Services & Techniques


Chiropractic is a health care discipline based on the scientific premise that the body is a self-regulating, self-healing organism. These important functions are controlled by the brain, spinal cord, and all the nerves of the body.

The skull protects the delicate tissues of the brain. The moving bones of the spine (known as vertebrae) protect the intricate communication pathways of the spinal cord and nerve roots. If these nervous system pathways or joint biomechanics are impaired, malfunction of the tissue and organ function throughout the body can result.

Chiropractic aims to restore normal joint biomechanics and nervous system function to ease your pain, improve movement and allow your body to heal and thrive again.

Chiropractic also places an emphasis on nutrition and exercise and healthy lifestyle modifications to obtain true health.

The Chiropractic Adjustment

“Chiropractic” is derived from the Greek word Chiropraktikos, which translates to “done by hand.”

A chiropractic adjustment is a safe, gentle and effective form of therapy. The chiropractic adjustment respects your bodies innate healing and recuperative powers.

At Little Spines special adjusting techniques are used for babies or the very young. Each adjustment is specifically tailored to the child’s age, size and unique spinal or peripheral joint problem. Most children enjoy the experience and look forward to their chiropractic adjustments.

We use chiropractic techniques including:

  • Activator
  • Cranial work
  • Chiropractic Functional Neurological Assessment
  • Diversified
  • Drop piece

Please note we do not manually manipulate the necks of children under 5 years of age.

Chiropractic Services and Techniques - Little Spines Hornsby - Chiropractic Care for Children and Families

What is Applied Kinesiology?

Chiropractic is the art of restoring optimum function to spinal and peripheral joint structures within the body that protect the nervous system, thus allowing bodies to function and heal correctly, at their full potential.

Applied Kinesiology is an advanced technique used by chiropractors to very specifically locate the exact areas of dysfunction within the body, and the causes of such dysfunction.

As an example, a headache very commonly is caused by dysfunction involving the jaw; hip problems commonly arise from issues with foot mechanics.

Applied Kinesiologists use muscle testing to provide immediate feedback about what chiropractic adjustment is perfect for your body, and which chiropractic treatment will get your body better in the most efficient way possible.

Professional Applied Kinesiology is a trademarked term, only used by Health Professionals who have undergone extensive training and certification in the skills of Applied Kinesiology.

For more information please check out

Applied Kinesiology AK

Functional Biochemistry

We take for granted many of the day to day functions of our bodies as they are performed without our awareness and control via biochemical pathways.

These unique chemical reactions form the products our bodies need to function. Sometimes these pathways don’t function as well as they should leaving us feeling less than optimal.

For example – we know when our muscles get tired or achey we may need magnesium to heal and get our vitality back. What many of us don’t realise is that magnesium is involved in the biochemical pathway for muscle relaxation by blocking calcium which makes the muscle contract.

Functional Biochemistry uses your case history, symptoms and any previous lab tests in conjunction with other chiropractic techniques to determine when nutritional support is required and the best approach for your body.

Based on these results your chiropractor will prescribe nutritional support, or refer you to your GP or specialist for further testing and investigation.

Functional Biochemistry - cellular biochemical pathway

What is Neuro-Emotional Teachnique?

If you’re body is in a weakened state due to factors such as physical trauma or stress, everyday emotional responses may not fully resolve as naturally as they otherwise would. Later in our lives, when we experience a similar situation, an old emotional response can kick before we know it.

When this happens we rarely see the link between a past event and our present situation. This is where NET comes into play — NET can help identify an old unresolved event (real or imagined) and help your body to release this lasting emotional response. For good!

People used to think that emotions were abstract things which were simply felt, or resided entirely in their brain. Now we know that emotions are chemically based and other parts of the body can hold emotional charges too.

Have you ever felt butterflies in your stomach before a big event?  Have you referred to someone as a “pain in the neck?”  Have you ever gone to say something and felt that “lump in your throat?”

Clearly our emotions happen in our body, not just our brain.

NET practitioners can find these unresolved, negatively-charged emotional responses that are stored in your body and help you release them. It’s fast, it’s fun, and it can dramatically improve your health.

Finding “trapped” or conditioned memory loops is done with the help of simple muscle testing. This helps determine if your body is in harmony with a particular concept or idea which is linked to an unresolved emotional event.

To make the correction and release the emotion, you’ll form a mental picture – a “snapshot” – of the original triggering event. Your body will naturally assume an emotional state similar to the way it originally reacted. Then we will contact (or ask you to contact) a specific body point that is associated with the unresolved emotional response. This helps your body release the emotion linked to the event. It’s that simple!

After the correction, many patients report feeling that a heavy weight has been lifted from their shoulders. If things become too personal or uncomfortable during the process, just say the word and the session can end safely. You are always in control.

NET is safe and effective, and is a natural way to help long-standing health problems by resolving the emotional components that accompany the physical symptoms.

Adapted from

Neuro Emotional Technique NET

What are Retained Primitive Reflexes

Very early in the development of the embryo, our brain develops many ‘primitive’ reflexes that are designed to help us survive. After birth, these primitive reflexes are referred to as neonatal reflexes. Many people use the terms primitive reflexes and neonatal reflexes interchangeably. Skills such as breastfeeding, sucking, crawling, and a babies ability to react to their environment are dependent on these primitive reflexes / neonatal reflexes.

As babies grow, these  primitive reflexes / neonatal reflexes are no longer needed. They are inhibited or integrate into more complicated skills that are age appropriate, such as hand eye co-ordination, balance, and the ability to think through more complicated tasks. In some cases, commonly due to trauma to the body at an early stage in life (including birth trauma through interventions such as forceps or cesarian delivery), a baby’s brain may allow the simple, primitive reflexes or neonatal reflexes to remain, inhibiting a growing child’s ability for their brain to take on new more complicated tasks.

This can lead to learning and behavioural difficulties.

Assessment of children for these primitive reflexes / neonatal reflexes is safe, gentle and fun for children. Treatment is surprisingly simple, and very effective. Treatment is very precise, and generally involves an initial stage of weekly 20 minute sessions over a 6-12 week period (depending on each child and circumstance). Parents remain very well informed about the progress of their child’s treatment at every stage, and are included in the process every step of the way.

Retained Neonatal Reflexes RNRs

Sacro-Occipital Technique (SOT)

Sacro Occipital Technique (SOT) is a gentle chiropractic technique. Its name is derived from the relationship between the sacrum at the base of the spine, and the occiput at the base of the skull.

One of the functions of the sacrum is to pump Cerebro-Spinal Fluid (CSF) from the base of the spine back up the spinal canal to the brain and throughout the nervous system. The occiput also helps to pump CSF. The minute rhythmical motion that circulates the CSF is essential to optimal health – CSF effectively acts as the circulatory system of the brain and spinal cord.

The pelvis forms the foundational support of the human skeleton. It supports the upper body right and skull, and enables you to transfer your weight to our legs. The spine holds your body upright, supports all of your organs and provides anchor points for your muscles. It also protects your nervous system. The nervous system controls your body, and can only function normally when your structure is balanced and our pelvis is stable. This is what SOT aims to achieve.

In more technical terms, restoration or maintenance of health is accomplished through specialised procedures including functional chiropractic neurology and biomechanics, nutrition, soft tissue techniques and gentle cranial work.

The techniques used in SOT promote optimal healing mechanics for the spine, pelvis, skull, organs, extremities, nervous system, brain and muscles. These techniques promote balance, neurological integrity and integrated function of the organ structure and neurological mechanism.

Adapted from

Chiropractic Technique - SOT Pelvic Blocks

What is Total Body Modification?

Total Body Modification (TBM) is an advanced kinesiology technique that evaluates, rebalances and resets imbalances found in the organs and functions of the body that require resolution before an individual can achieve optimal health. It identifies these imbalances using muscle testing, and corrects the problem by restoring balance to the nervous system by stimulating reflex points located along the spine.

How Does TBM Work?

Where traditional Chiropractic techniques are used to correct the structure of body to enhance its function, TBM sets out to correct the functional physiology, which in itself improves the body’s structure.

The various components of the nervous system are all controlled by the brain. Like a computer, sensory nerve fibres deliver messages to the brain, which in turn interprets them before instructing body parts via motor fibres what to do next.

The nerve cells located in the centre of the brain are responsible for controlling individual body parts. When a body part is put under stress, so too are the corresponding nerve cells which depolarise. As a result, the brain receives the message, but no instruction is returned from the brain to the organ. This leads to a consequent loss in control over the affected body part or organ.

A TBM practitioner may identify and rectify the problem by the combined use of muscle testing and stimulation of specific reflex points along the spine corresponding to various body parts/ systems. An instrument or a hand itself is used to make the corrections. In stimulating the specific areas of the spine in a set way, the damaged nerve calls of the brain are repolarized, allowing the brain to regain control over affected body part. This removes any roadblocks to recovery the individual may have been experiencing, restoring the function of their nervous system allowing optimum health. ​

Adapted from

Total Body Modification TBM